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Entry of 6598

Nurzada Zhumaqan
Nurzada Zhumaqan
private business
Likely place of origin
Likely current location
Last reported det. type
formal prison (20 years)
When first detained
Apr. 2018 - June 2018
Probable detention reason
related to religion
Health status
Forced labor cases  Victims with foreign residence  Covered in international media  From prolonged detention to prison  Testimonies mentioning specific prisons  Testimonies mentioning specific factories 

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Testifying party (submitted by third party)

All testimonies are by Aibota Zhanibek, a Kazakhstan citizen originally from China.

Victim's relation to testifier

The victim is Aibota's mother.

About the victim

Nurzada Zhumaqan was a small-shop owner, a business that she ran from 1988 - selling traditional items/goods - until 2016, when she closed the business and became a housewife. Following her husband's retirement, the couple bought a house in the outskirts of town, where they raised some poultry and domestic animals.

The couple had two girls, Aibota and Kunekei, but more recently had adopted a son (who is 6 years old, as of September 2019).

Address: West Tacheng Road 61-211, Shawan County, Xinjiang (新疆沙湾县塔城西路61-211号).

Kazakhstan green card: 026370972. Chinese passport: G48708786.

Victim's location

The Xinjiang Women’s Prison.

Address: 1327 Dongzhan Road, Urumqi (乌鲁木齐市东站路1327号). [This is also the location of the Qixin Clothing Factory/Company (新疆启新服装有限责任公司).]

Google Maps address: https://www.google.com/maps/@43.9351367,87.5810662,1129m/data=!3m1!1e3

Phone number: 0991-6614592

When victim was detained

She was detained on June 8, 2018 and taken to "camp" [though it's possible this was just a detention center] in Shawan County. News that the victim was sentenced reached her daughter in January 2019. On June 5, 2019, it was confirmed that she was sentenced to 20 years. An official incarceration notice then said that she had been transferred to the women's prison on June 14, 2019.

Probable (or official) reason for detention

Aibota cites a number of reasons that were given for her mother's detention, virtually all of them being related to religion: praying, teaching others to pray, having studied with an imam for 2 months in 2005, having her daughter (Aibota's sister) go to Yunnan for religious education, telling women that they should cover their faces (Aibota says this last one is ridiculous - i.e., her mother would never do that).

The official reasons in the incarceration notice say that she was sentenced for "using superstition to undermine law enforcement" and "gathering a crowd to disturb social order".

Victim's status

She is serving her sentence at the Urumqi women's prison.

According to her daughter, her health has deteriorated significantly, and she can barely see now.

How did the testifier learn about the victim's status?

Through contacts in the region.

Additional information

Written about in: https://livingotherwise.com/2019/10/05/from-camps-to-prisons-xinjiangs-next-great-human-rights-catastrophe-by-gene-a-bunin/

NPR coverage: https://www.npr.org/2019/10/08/764153179/china-has-begun-moving-xinjiang-muslim-detainees-to-formal-prisons-relatives-say



Suspected human rights violations

Article 4: Nobody has any right to make us a slave. We cannot make anyone else our slave.
Article 9: Nobody has the right to put us in prison without a good reason, to keep us there or to send us away from our country.
Article 10: If someone is accused of breaking the law they have the right to a fair and public trial.
Article 11: Nobody should be blamed for doing something until it has been proved that they did it. If people say we did something bad, we have the right to show this was not true. Nobody should punish us for something that we did not do, or for doing something which was not against the law when we did it.
Article 18: We all have the right to believe in what we want to believe, to have a religion, or to change it if we want.
Article 22: We all have the right to a home, to have enough money to live on and medical help if we are ill. We should all be allowed to enjoy music, art, craft, sport and to make use of our skills.
Article 23: Every grown up has the right to a job, to get a fair wage for their work, and to join a trade union.
Article 25: We all have the right to a good life, with enough food, clothing, housing, and healthcare. Mothers and children, people without work, old and disabled people all have the right to help.

Supplementary materials

Testimony 1
Testimony 2
Testimony 3
Testimony 4
Testimony 5
Testimony 6
Testimony 7
official incarceration notice
testifier with victim's photo
history of women's prison
Chinese passport

Entry created: 2018-12-18

Last updated: 2019-09-22

Latest update from testifier: 2019-10-30